Where is Armenia
Armenia - officially the Republic of Armenia is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. The Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest national church, as the country's primary religious establishment.
The dram (AMD) is the monetary unit of Armenia. The word "dram" translates into English as "money" and is cognate with the Greek drachma and the Arabic dirham. The first instance of a dram currency was in the period from 1199 to 1375, when silver coins called dram were issued.
The climate in Armenia is markedly continental. Summers are dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. The temperature fluctuates between 22 and 36 °C (72 and 97 °F).
Evening breezes blowing down the mountains provide a welcome refreshing and cooling effect. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Winters are quite cold with plenty of snow, with temperatures ranging between −10 and −5 °C (14 and 23 °F). Winter sports enthusiasts enjoy skiing down the hills of Tsakhkadzor, located thirty minutes outside Yerevan.
Important facts about Armenia
Current territory of Armenia is 10 times smaller than Armenian historical kingdom – Armenia Major (Mets Hayk), which remained from 331 to 428 BC.
On the 21st of September, 1991, as a result of popular referendum, Armenia withdrew from composition of the USSR and pronounced independence of the Republic of Armenia.
Armenia is the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as state religion. Armenian Apostolic Church is one of the most ancient national churches and one of the most ancient Christian communities, which belongs to group of Eastern Orthodox Churches. Center – Mother Cathedral of Holy Echmiatsin.
State language is Armenian, which is considered to be a separate branch in the Indo – European family of languages. Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots in 405.
The main symbol of Armenia is biblical Mount Ararat, on which, according to the legend, Noah’s Ark found its shelter after the global Flood.
Armenian genocide, accomplished by Ottoman Empire in 1915, is one of the gravest pages of history of Armenia. Armenians has been fighting for its recognition for almost a century.
Yerevan is the 12th capital of Armenia. It is 28 years older than Rome and is considered to be one of the safest cities in the world.
The most ancient, 6000 years old winery was found in Armenia: near village Areni, in the Birds’ cave. Areni keeps traditions of wine-making up today. By the way, the most ancient, 5500 years old shoe was found in the same location.
The world’s biggest collection of manuscripts and medieval books Matenadaran is situated in Yerevan.
There is no place in the world, where apricot is tastier than in Armenia; it is one of the true live symbols of the country. It was grown exactly on Ararat plain. Then it spread all over Europe. Latin name of the fruit is Prunus armeniaca.
Visa policy of Armenia
Armenia allows citizens of specific countries and territories to visit Armenia for tourism or business purposes without having to obtain a visa or allows them to obtain a visa on arrival or online. For some countries the visa requirement waiver is practiced on ad hoc basis, and is not formalized by a bilateral agreement.
List of countries whose nationals are unilaterally exempted from the requirement of obtaining a visa.
List of countries, with which Armenia has a visa-free regime according to bilateral and multilateral agreements.
(the list of documents required for the invitation). This limitation is obsolete for the citizens of those countries of Armenian nationality.
Local time in Armenia is 4 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT + 4). It is 12 hours ahead of the west coast of the USA, and 9 hours ahead of the east coast. Armenian time is 1 hour ahead of Moscow. Armenia changes its clocks for daylight savings on the last Sunday in March and back on the last Sunday in October.
Best time for visiting Armenia
Armenia has a tremendous climatic variety packed in a small physical area. From the sunny Ararat valley and its bountiful fruits to the idyllic snowcapped mountain ranges, which traverse the land, Armenia’s diverse nature is a reflection of its broad climatic range. Moreover, several micro climates exist due to the country’s mountainous terrain. A day that is sunny and hot in the Ararat Valley may be quite brisk near the windswept mountainous lakes, and snowing in the upper regions of Mount Aragats. The rolling hills and high flats seem as if they were sculpted for rugged cross-country skiing in the winter, while Lake Sevan in the summertime is a wonderful destination for swimming, sunbathing, and relaxation. Average temperatures in the country’s capital, Yerevan, range from -5oC in winter to 30oC in summer, although extreme days can see the thermometer fall to -10oC and the hottest summer days have topped out over 40oC. Average precipitation ranges from less than 12 inches per year in the lower Arax River valley to about 36 inches per year at the highest altitudes.
The Armenian flag
The national flag of Armenia consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange.
The official definition of the colors, as stated in the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, is:
The red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia's independence and freedom. The blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia.